Tag: roshan loungani

Are you ready for a long retirement?

Following is a great article on funding a long retirement:

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/how-to-fund-a-long-retirement-2017-01-10

We typically plan for our clients to live until age 100.   An interesting fact from the article, the average life expectancy for a 65-year-old male rose from 84.7 in 1950 to 87.8 in 2010 and average life expectancy for 65-year-old woman rose from 86.6 in 1950 to 89.7 in 2010.

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https://twitter.com/RoshanLoungani

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http://roshanloungani.net/

Fear of Spending

I frequently meet with clients that do not believe they can afford to retire.   Even after working when their financial goals show that they have more than they need.    Once they retire, they are reluctant to spend their money and it takes some time to feel comfortable spending.   Following is a great article on the subject.

http://time.com/money/4560067/retirement-fear-of-spending-budgeting-income/

If you like this article, please follow me at any of the following places:

https://twitter.com/RoshanLoungani

https://medium.com/@RoshanLoungani_85629

https://plus.google.com/117866529459426703812

http://roshanloungani.net/

IRA and Retirement Plan Limits for 2017

IRA contribution limits

The maximum amount you can contribute to a traditional IRA     or Roth IRA in 2017 is $5,500 (or 100% of your earned income, if     less), unchanged from 2016. The maximum catch-up contribution for those age     50 or older remains at $1,000. (You can contribute to both a traditional and     Roth IRA in 2017, but your total contributions can’t exceed these annual limits.)

Traditional IRA deduction limits for 2017

The income limits for determining the deductibility of     traditional IRA contributions in 2017 have increased. If your filing status is     single or head of household, you can fully deduct your IRA contribution up to $5,500 in     2017 if your MAGI is $62,000 or less (up from $61,000 in 2016). If you’re     married and filing a joint return, you can fully deduct up to $5,500 in 2017 if your     MAGI is $99,000 or less (up from $98,000 in 2016). And if you’re not covered by an employer plan but your spouse is, and you     file a joint return, you can fully deduct up to $5,500 in 2017 if your MAGI is     $186,000 or less (up from $184,000 in 2016).

If your 2017 federal income tax      filing status is: Your  IRA deduction is limited if your MAGI is      between: Your deduction is eliminated if your MAGI is:
Single or head of household $62,000 and $72,000 $72,000 or more
Married filing jointly or qualifying      widow(er)* $99,000 and $119,000 (combined) $119,000 or more      (combined)
Married filing separately $0      and $10,000 $10,000 or more

 

*If you’re not covered by an employer plan but your spouse     is, your deduction is limited if your MAGI is $186,000 to $196,000, and     eliminated if your MAGI exceeds $196,000.

Roth IRA contribution limits for 2017

The income limits for determining how much you can     contribute to a Roth IRA have also increased for 2017. If your filing status is     single or head of household, you can contribute the full $5,500 to a Roth IRA in     2017 if your MAGI is $118,000 or less (up from $117,000 in 2016). And if you’re     married and filing a joint return, you can make a full contribution in 2017 if your     MAGI is $186,000 or less (up from $184,000 in 2016). (Again, contributions     can’t exceed 100% of your earned income.)

If your 2017 federal income tax      filing status is: Your Roth IRA contribution is limited if your MAGI      is: You cannot contribute to a Roth IRA if your MAGI is:
Single or head of household More than $118,000 but less than $133,000 $133,000 or more
Married filing jointly or qualifying      widow(er) More than $186,000 but less than $196,000      (combined) $196,000 or more (combined)
Married filing separately More      than $0 but less than $10,000 $10,000 or more

 

Employer retirement plans

Most of the significant employer retirement plan limits for 2017 remain unchanged from 2016. The maximum amount you can contribute (your “elective     deferrals”) to a 401(k) plan in 2017 is $18,000. This limit also     applies to 403(b), 457(b), and SAR-SEP plans, as well as the Federal Thrift     Plan. If you’re age 50 or older,     you can also make catch-up contributions of up to $6,000 to these plans in 2017. [Special catch-up limits apply to certain participants     in 403(b) and 457(b) plans.]

If you participate in more than one retirement plan, your     total elective deferrals can’t exceed the annual limit ($18,000 in 2017 plus     any applicable catch-up contribution). Deferrals to 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans,     SIMPLE plans, and SAR-SEPs are included in this aggregate limit, but deferrals to Section     457(b) plans are not. For example, if you participate in both a 403(b) plan and     a 457(b) plan, you can defer the full dollar limit to each plan—a total of     $36,000 in 2017 (plus any catch-up contributions).

The amount you can contribute to a SIMPLE IRA or SIMPLE     401(k) plan in 2017 is $12,500, and the     catch-up limit for those age 50 or older remains at $3,000.

Plan type: Annual dollar      limit: Catch-up limit:
401(k), 403(b), governmental 457(b),      SAR-SEP, Federal Thrift Plan $18,000 $6,000
SIMPLE      plans $12,500 $3,000

 

Note: Contributions can’t exceed 100% of your     income.

The maximum amount that can be allocated to your account in     a defined contribution plan [for example, a 401(k) plan or profit-sharing plan]     in 2017 is $54,000, up from $53,000 in 2016, plus age 50 catch-up     contributions. (This includes both your contributions and your employer’s     contributions. Special rules apply if your employer sponsors more than one     retirement plan.)

Finally, the maximum amount of compensation that can be     taken into account in determining benefits for most plans in 2017 is     $270,000 (up from $265,000 in 2016), and the dollar threshold for determining     highly compensated employees (when 2017 is the look-back year) is $120,000, unchanged from 2016.

Is 70 the New 65? Why Americans Are Working Longer

Roshan Loungani is sharing a great video on retirement.   Please click on the link below:

Is 70 the New 65? Why Americans Are Working Longer

 

Five Keys to Investing For Retirement

Five Keys to Investing For Retirement

Making decisions about your retirement account can seem overwhelming, especially if you feel unsure about your knowledge of investments. However, the following basic rules can help you make smarter choices regardless of whether you have some investing experience or are just getting started.

Don’t lose ground to inflation

It’s easy to see how inflation affects gas prices, electric bills, and the cost of food; over time, your money buys less and less. But what inflation does to your investments isn’t always as obvious. Let’s say your money is earning 4% and inflation is running between 3% and 4% (its historical average). That means your investments are earning only 1% at best. And that’s not counting any other costs; even in a tax-deferred retirement account such as a 401(k), you’ll eventually owe taxes on that money. Unless your retirement portfolio at least keeps pace with inflation, you could actually be losing money without even realizing it.

What does that mean for your retirement strategy? First, you’ll probably need to contribute more to your retirement plan than you think. What seems like a healthy sum now will seem smaller and smaller over time; at a 3% annual inflation rate, something that costs $100 today would cost $181 in 20 years. That means you’ll probably need a bigger retirement nest egg than you anticipated. And don’t forget that people are living much longer now than they used to. You might need your retirement savings to last a lot longer than you expect, and inflation is likely to continue increasing prices over that time. Consider increasing your 401(k) contribution each year by at least enough to overcome the effects of inflation, at least until you hit your plan’s contribution limits.

Second, you need to consider investing at least a portion of your retirement plan in investments that can help keep inflation from silently eating away at the purchasing power of your savings. Cash alternatives such as money market accounts may be relatively safe, but they are the most likely to lose purchasing power to inflation over time. Even if you consider yourself a conservative investor, remember that stocks historically have provided higher long-term total returns than cash alternatives or bonds, even though they also involve greater risk of volatility and potential loss.

Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Money market funds are neither insured nor guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Although money market funds seek to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it is possible to lose money by investing in such a fund.

Invest based on your time horizon

Your time horizon is investment-speak for the amount of time you have left until you plan to use the money you’re investing. Why is your time horizon important? Because it can affect how well your portfolio can handle the ups and downs of the financial markets. Someone who was planning to retire in 2008 and was heavily invested in the stock market faced different challenges from the financial crisis than someone who was investing for a retirement that was many years away, because the person nearing retirement had fewer years left to let their portfolio recover from the downturn.

If you have a long time horizon, you may be able to invest a greater percentage of your money in something that could experience more dramatic price changes but that might also have greater potential for long-term growth. Though past performance doesn’t guarantee future results, the long-term direction of the stock market has historically been up despite its frequent and sometimes massive fluctuations.

Think long-term for goals that are many years away and invest accordingly. The longer you stay with a diversified portfolio of investments, the more likely you are to be able to ride out market downturns and improve your opportunities for gain.

Consider your risk tolerance

Another key factor in your retirement investing decisions is your risk tolerance–basically, how well you can handle a possible investment loss. There are two aspects to risk tolerance. The first is your financial ability to survive a loss. If you expect to need your money soon–for example, if you plan to begin using your retirement savings in the next year or so–those needs reduce your ability to withstand even a small loss. However, if you’re investing for the long term, don’t expect to need the money immediately, or have other assets to rely on in an emergency, your risk tolerance may be higher.

The second aspect of risk tolerance is your emotional ability to withstand the possibility of loss. If you’re invested in a way that doesn’t let you sleep at night, you may need to consider reducing the amount of risk in your portfolio. Many people think they’re comfortable with risk, only to find out when the market takes a turn for the worse that they’re actually a lot less risk-tolerant than they thought. Often that means they wind up selling in a panic when prices are lowest. Try to be honest about how you might react to a market downturn, and plan accordingly.

Remember that there are many ways to manage risk. For example, understanding the potential risks and rewards of each of your investments and its role in your portfolio may help you gauge your emotional risk tolerance more accurately. Also, having money deducted from your paycheck and put into your retirement plan helps spread your risk over time. By investing regularly, you reduce the chance of investing a large sum just before the market takes a downturn.

Integrate retirement with your other financial goals

Make sure you have an emergency fund; it can help you avoid needing to tap your retirement savings before you had planned to. Generally, if you withdraw money from a traditional retirement plan before you turn 59½, you’ll owe not only the amount of federal and state income tax on that money, but also a 10% federal penalty (and possibly a state penalty as well). There are exceptions to the penalty for premature distributions from a 401(k) (for example, having a qualifying disability or withdrawing money after leaving your employer after you turn 55). However, having a separate emergency fund can help you avoid an early distribution and allow your retirement money to stay invested.

If you have outstanding debt, you’ll need to weigh the benefits of saving for retirement versus paying off that debt as soon as possible. If the interest rate you’re paying is high, you might benefit from paying off at least part of your debt first. If you’re contemplating borrowing from or making a withdrawal from your workplace savings account, make sure you investigate using other financing options first, such as loans from banks, credit unions, friends, or family. If your employer matches your contributions, don’t forget to factor into your calculations the loss of that matching money if you choose to focus on paying off debt. You’ll be giving up what is essentially free money if you don’t at least contribute enough to get the employer match.

Don’t put all your eggs in one basket

Diversifying your retirement savings across many different types of investments can help you manage the ups and downs of your portfolio. Different types of investments may face different types of risk. For example, when most people think of risk, they think of market risk–the possibility that an investment will lose value because of a general decline in financial markets. However, there are many other types of risk. Bonds face default or credit risk (the risk that a bond issuer will not be able to pay the interest owed on its bonds, or repay the principal borrowed). Bonds also face interest rate risk, because bond prices generally fall when interest rates rise. International investors may face currency risk if exchange rates between U.S. and foreign currencies affect the value of a foreign investment. Political risk is created by legislative actions (or the lack of them).

These are only a few of the various types of risk. However, one investment may respond to the same set of circumstances very differently than another, and thus involve different risks. Putting your money into many different securities, as a mutual fund does, is one way to spread your risk. Another is to invest in several different types of investments–for example, stocks, bonds, and cash alternatives. Spreading your portfolio over several different types of investments can help you manage the types and level of risk you face.

Participating in your retirement plan is probably more important than any individual investing decision you’ll make. Keep it simple, stick with it, and time can be a strong ally.

Inflation means that you’ll probably need to contribute more to your retirement plan than you think. What seems like a healthy amount now is likely to feel smaller and smaller over time.

All investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal, and there can be no assurance that any investment strategy will be successful. And diversification alone can’t guarantee a profit or eliminate the possibility of loss.
The dollar cost averaging you do when you make automatic contributions to the investments in your retirement plan account involves continuous investment in a security regardless of changes in its price. You should consider your financial and emotional ability to continue making purchases during times when prices are low. Dollar cost averaging does not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss.

Mutual funds are sold by prospectus. Please consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses carefully before investing. The prospectus, which contains this and other information about the investment company, can be obtained from your financial professional. Be sure to read the prospectus carefully before deciding whether to invest.